Article 5: REDD- Article 5 contains only two paragraphs, but these paragraphs refer to at least a dozen decisions and elements of other agreements, and the whole history of this extraordinary document is there when you know you have to look for it. In addition to mitigating climate change, stopping deforestation and forest degradation and supporting sustainable forest management, water resources and flood prevention, reducing runoff, reducing soil erosion, reducing river mud, protecting fisheries and investing in hydroelectric power plants , the preservation of biodiversity and the preservation of cultures and traditions. With everything at stake, what needs to happen is clear. With all the services that forests provide to both humanity and the natural world, there is now a widespread understanding of a simple but profound fact that forests are more important than cutting. It was from this agreement that the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility was born. That`s right. If you want to save some trees, start here: first, find out what your carbon footprint is. Then you reduce it by buying one (or more!) of those emission credits that we talked about earlier. One of the green beneficiaries of these offsets is a forest protection project in Kenya`s Chyulu Hills, which will prevent the emission of about 18 million tonnes of carbon dioxide over the next 30 years. So what seems to be a relatively simple solution to climate change – the payment to keep forests standing – is much more complex than it seems at first glance. Being inseparably linked to the very complex social, economic and biological realities of today`s forests, REDD remains controversial. This concerns the very part of the Framework Convention that recognizes “common but differentiated” responsibilities between rich and poor countries, as well as the need to promote sustainable management of natural carbon sinks, including biomass, forests and oceans and other terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems. It is reflected in the Paris Agreement, which recognizes “the importance of ensuring the integrity of all ecosystems, including the oceans, and the protection of biodiversity, which some cultures recognize as Mother Earth, and recognizes the importance for some of the concept of “climate justice” when taking action to combat climate change.
Comstock explains what makes the aviation industry`s commitment to REDD really exciting: “The Environmental Defence Fund has made some figures, and we could consider 7.8 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide over 20 years in terms of aviation-only compensation demand. Payments will in principle be made as part of measures that allow developing countries to sustainably preserve or exploit their forests (e.g. B through more adequate harvesting of wood and other forest products) if they could not have done so otherwise. Paragraph 1: Parties should take steps to preserve and, if necessary, improve greenhouse gas sinks, including forests, covered by Article 4, paragraph 1, point (d) of the Convention. “The role of conservation, sustainable forest management and improving carbon stocks in forests in developing countries; and alternative policy approaches, such as common mitigation and adaptation approaches for the overall and sustainable management of forests, is the “REDD” – all other land use issues related to farms and agricultural fields. Simply put, REDD is the framework by which countries, the private sector, multilateral funds and other countries can pay not to clear their forests. This can take the form of direct payments or in exchange for “carbon credits” that reduce greenhouse gas emissions to offset emissions elsewhere. “While it says it is important to encourage, if necessary, the non-carbon benefits associated with these approaches,” it refers to issues such as biodiversity and the protection of Aboriginal rights.