Putin stressed the importance of preserving Syria`s territorial integrity and removing illegitimate foreign troops from Syrian territory. Putin then worked on the phone to get Assad on board. However, Mr. Assad reaffirmed his staunch opposition to the Turkish military presence in Syria, his determination to use “all legitimate means” to counter the “invasion” of Turkey and ensure the return of masses of war refugees who, since the beginning of the Turkish operation Peace Spring, with the help of Arab deputies accused since then of committing numerous atrocities against the Kurds , commit some 250,000 people. If The Kurdish fighters protecting the local population, as stipulated in the Sochi agreement, there is a clear possibility of expulsions and atrocities against the civilian population, such as Operation Efrin in 2018, which has been criticized by human rights organizations as culminating in ethnic cleansing. In 2003, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Georgian President Shevardnadze and Abkhazian Prime Minister Gennadi Gagulia and launched a Sochi process to establish a Georgian-Russian-Abkhaz working group on confidence-building measures (CBM). The parties have tried to facilitate the return of refugees and economic reconstruction. The Sochi process meant a retreat from multilateralism to a bilateral format that left Georgia alone to face Russia and the Abkhazians. It was also seen that Georgia`s argument that the Geneva process was the only format for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict would be compromised.
 In 2004, Russia was considered a violation of the agreement when a Russian company began maintenance work on the Sochi-Sukhumi railway line, which was legally Georgian, although controlled by Russia and the Abkhazians. This measure was considered an offence in which recovery could only be done in parallel with the safe return of Georgian refugees to Abkhazia from the Gali district. But no progress has been made on the return of refugees, so unilateral Russian actions on rail are contrary to the Sochi agreement.   However, the return of refugees has not progressed. [Citation required] Once again, a 1993 agreement, negotiated by Russia, the ceasefire agreement in Abkhazia and a mechanism to ensure compliance, allowed a moratorium on the use of force, the withdrawal of belligerents from the war zone within a fortnight, the creation of a Russian-Abkhaz control group to monitor the ceasefire, the return of the Abkhaz Parliament to Sumiouk , UN observers on the territory, and the resumption of talks on the settlement of the dispute. In August of the same year, UNMOT was deployed as a United Nations monitoring force. The ceasefire was violated on 27 September when Abkhazian troops conquered Sukhumi and proclaimed victory. Pro-Georgian forces then withdrew to Tbilisi when Georgia joined the CIS and changed Russia`s attitude towards Georgia on this issue. Russia negotiated a ceasefire and negotiated the agreement in 1992. The agreement essentially established a ceasefire between Georgian and South Ossetian forces, but also defined a conflict zone around the capital of South Ossetia, Tskhinvali, and established a security corridor along the border of unrecognized areas of South Ossetia.
The agreement also established a joint control commission and a peacekeeping body, the Joint Armed Forces Peacekeeping Group (JPKF). The JPKF was placed under Russian command and consisted of peacekeeping forces from Georgia, Russia and North Ossetia (the separatist government of South Ossetia is not yet recognized; However, South Ossetia`s peacekeeping forces served in the North Ossetian contingent).